Facts About Breast Milk - by Yana Mikheeva
There’re certain diseases, under which children need a special feeding.
One of them is lactase deficiency. This pathology is also called alactasia
(a slight form – hypolactasia). It is characterized by the fact that organism
feels an acute need for lactase – a ferment that contributes to splitting
of basic carbohydrate of mother’s milk – lactose.
Nutritious substances, contained in milk, are split by special ferments
to simpler molecules, to help baby’s organism to assimilate milk. Ferments
are situated in spittle, digestive juices, bile, are produced by pancreas
and fibers of intestinal wall. Small children’s ferments’ activity is not
very high, as a rule, and increases in the process of their development.
Under negative influences on a baby’s organism, a baby’s enzymatic systems
become weak, and milk is digested worse.
The main energetic and structural part of breast milk is lactose. This
is milk-sugar, which is a main substance in babies’ nursing. Lactose is
split by a special ferment-lactase – on smaller components, and due to
this factor they can be absorbed by blood. If lactose doesn’t split, it
is left in bowels, causing dilution of stool and increase of aerogenesis.
This way, auspicious conditions for propagation of pathogens appear.
Lactose intolerance can be primary and secondary. Primary one is caused
by genetic defect and isn’t connected with a baby’s sex. It becomes apparent
during transfer of changed gene to a baby from a father or mother.
Secondary lactase deficiency is more widespread, mainly hypolactasia.
The reasons of its appearance may be: immaturity of enzymatic systems of
alimentary canal of premature and slowed babies that passes with time;
a baby’s treatment with antibiotics and hormones; keen intestinal infections;
general serious diseases; allergy on proteins of cow’s milk and herbs.
Lactase deficiency becomes apparent since first days and weeks of baby’s
life with frequent, liquid, foamy stool with strong musty smell; gripes,
tummy-rumbling and swelling, which appear 10-20 minutes after nursing.
Sometimes frequent posseting, retching and weight loss take place.
Certainly, a doctor diagnoses a baby relying on parents’ words, results
of faeces tests and provocative test with lactose. As a reason of liquid
evacuation under lactose deficiency – is a defect of lactose digestion,
then the basic method of treatment is diet therapy with restriction of
products, rich in milk-sugar. These are usual adapted or non-adapted milk
formulas, sour cream, milk paps, puddings, acidophilin. Particularized
manufactured products – low- and delactosed - take central place, especially
for children before 1 year.
Low-lactosed formulas are mostl often recommended while secondary lactase
deficiency; delactosed – while primary. If a baby shows sings of defect
of digestion and absorbing nutritious substances, particularly fats, he
gains weight slowly, is physically backward other babies, has unsteady
excrements for a long time, then you can use delactosed formulas, based
on hydrolyzates of protein.
Transfer of children on recommended formulas should be executed during
2-3 weeks. Change half of volume of nursing for breast feeding babies,
and change formula completely for forced feeding babies. On 2-4th day a
baby calms down, stops throwing up, diarrhea and wind disappear and, and
since 5th day a baby begins gaining weight. If you use supplemental feeding
without milk, then take care that ration of a baby’s feeding is various
and balanced. As for dairy produce, you can give also yoghurts, containing
live bio-cultures, and cheese. It can be digested even under lactase deficiency.
While prolonged milkless diet you need to add calcium to baby’s food.
While hypolactasia, a full recovery can be reached for 2-3 months,
as under this disease, lactose is accumulated in baby’s cells in much more
toxic concentrations, and more time is required to clean organism. After
control tests, you can carefully add food, containing lactose, in your
baby’s ration. Write down a kind of supplementary feeding, its quantity
and reaction of organism in a special food journal.
And the last thing young mothers should know. Not only lactose deficiency
can serve as a reason of pains in stomach, posseting and diarrhea, these
can be also intestinal infections, dysbacteriosis, wrong choice of supplementary
feeding. So, you need to consult a professional to diagnose your baby and
choose a method of treatment. Your task is to keep your baby to a diet,
prescribed by doctor, keep a food diary and create comfortable conditions
for your baby. Then recovery will surely come quicker and disease will
probably go away for ever.
About The Author
Yana Mikheeva is the creator of the Baby-Health.Net at http://www.baby-health.net.
Are you going to get pregnant? Visit our friendly resource and read
information on pregnancy and parenting, painless childbirth, growth and
development of a baby, baby health, safety, signs of pregnancy.
She also has a blog for women at http://www.womanspassions.com/blog/